Have you ever seen one of those ‘helicopters’ like flies? If you have, you must be knowing how fascinating they look. These flies are known as Dragonflies and they’re really fun to watch.
Female dragonflies lay eggs, larvae hatch out after a certain period of time (this larva can stay in the water for around one month to three years) and after the process of metamorphosis an adult dragonfly is ready to fly out. This complete process, starting right from the mating to the development of an adult dragonfly, occurs around a water pond.
To ensure the presence of dragonflies around your patio garden, install a pond with rocks throughout its perimeter and some plants to give a hiding place to the dragonflies.
These golden ‘helicopters’ are highly significant for your garden as they feed on all the insects and bugs that might feed on your green friends.
Dragonflies for Mosquito Control
As you already know, dragonflies eat up all the insects, bugs and mosquitoes as well. In fact, it would be fair to say that mosquitoes are one of their favorite delicacies to have.
The mosquitoes suck all the nectar of the plants’ flowers. Dragonflies can merrily eat up to 100 mosquitoes a day and keep a check on the mosquito population in your backyard. They can even fly at a speed of 30 miles per hour (after all everyone has to hide from their predators).
Mosquitoes are anyway undesirable around the human habitat and the dragonflies are completely tame in terms of human beings. So this mosquito control is going to be friendly on you!
11 Plants that attract Dragonflies
1. Meadow Sage
Looking out for a resilient green buddy? A Blue hill meadow sage can be your pick! This plant can tolerate full sun ( although it can grow well in partial shade ) and infrequent waterings.
The plant has a nice color and sweet odor that attracts plenty of pollinators like bees, butterflies, and other insects. The insects serve as food to the dragonflies and therefore they get attracted to it too. The plant is also resistant to deers and rabbits which can be a foe to your garden.
Once established, you can skip the watering turns largely.
This tall plant can grow up to five feet tall inviting several pollinators for the plants nearby. This plant doesn’t require any high-quality mineral-rich soil, you can grow it in poor soil. The plant shows its best colour which is purple when exposed to full sunlight (at least six hours a day).
They don’t usually require fertilizers, however, you can feed weak water-soluble fertilizer if you wish. Avoid watering it too much as the plant can easily withstand dry weather and drought conditions. In fact, they grow best in the summer season.
3. Wild Celery
If you’re looking for something that might help you with your home garden and also doesn’t eat up the growing space, this one’s for you! Grow these wild celery or eel grass or tape grass in the water pond of your garden and they will benefit you a lot.
To be precise, there’s no way you can grow these grasses. They automatically grow in the brackish water, they require to be fully submerged in the water to flourish.
Grow this plant around the boundary of your garden pond as they require soil which is consistently moist. Seedbox or Ludwigia alternifolia can be the main attraction of your backyard because of the cheerful yellow-colored flowers.
The plant thrives under the full sun for at least six hours or partial shade some days. They love moisture and can grow up to four feet.
The arrangement ( of this plant which attracts prey and the nearby water source that provides a breeding ground for the dragonfly population ) makes it the best possible environment for dragonflies to exist.
Also known as Cabomba caroliniana and Carolina fanwort is an aquatic plant that grows well in sand or plain gravel. This plant loves direct sunlight or medium sunlight. However, bright sunlight can deteriorate its quality and make it bushier.
Enough light supply is really necessary for its survival plus the fungus and algae present inside the water might also harm the quality.
Make sure you don’t let them ( algae and fungus ) breed in the same pond. This will not only hinder the growth of primary plants but also use all the resources intended to be used by them.
6. Pickerel Rush
Scientifically called as Pontederia cordata, pickerel rush is usually grown around the home ponds. They grow best in rich and heavy soil with slightly acidic pH. The plant is quite resilient and can withstand almost anything except drought conditions.
You can grow a new plant from the existing one using rhizomes. Simply remove the plant from its pot and cut the roots including some healthy foliage. Now, you can grow new plants from these and submerge the pot entirely or partially into water.
Remember to keep the leaves above the water surface so that they’re visible from the outside.
Surprisingly, goldenrod (aka Solidago) is considered weeds by many gardeners. Contrary to this popular belief, goldenrod is actually a very useful plant in terms of your home garden safety.
This plant serves as a shelter for the larvae of dragonflies and also shoo away bugs. The plant can grow happily under any sort of circumstances until they’re getting enough moisture and sunlight.
They don’t require any watering as such, however, you can water a little if you want. The plant also provides the nectar to several pollinators like bees and butterflies flying past through it.
8. Water Lily
Water lilies, as the name suggests, are grown in water ponds in your home garden and keep the pond healthy. Different varieties of this plant are used for different climatic conditions. You can grow the plant in a water pond ( only if there are no other plants or vegetation growing underneath the surface ) or a water container.
Use loamy soil and slow-release fertilizer in a pot to develop water lilies in it and place the pot at the bottom of the pond. No extra care is needed once the plant is established underwater
9. Black-eyed Susans
Black-eyed Susan looks somewhat like a sunflower with different features. The plant has versatile and attractive yellow-colored petals. They can grow in any type of soil which has a neutral pH value.
The plant prefers direct sunlight or partial shade. A plethora of pollinators and other species take shelter in and around these tall plants which can grow up to three feet tall. Don’t let the plant dry out and check it for the need for fertilizers. The best part about this plant is probably its self-seeding quality.
10. Blanket Flower
These mesmerizing beautiful flowers are a must-have in your home garden. Apart from being a gorgeous addition this will also attract pollinators to your garden and help other plants to perpetuate well.
Sow the seeds of the blanket flower into well-drained soil and cover it. The plant grows well in dry, sunny, and rocky conditions. If you try to care a little lot, you’ll ruin the whole growth. So don’t try to be too extra with them as they love to stay neglected.
Don’t irrigate the plantation manually as nature is there to look after it properly.
11. Water Horsetail
Another plant that grows based on the rhizomes is water horsetail. This plant has no flowers and showcases several health benefits to human beings. You can apply on your skin to heal wounds and injury marks. However, the plant is poisonous to other livestock.
The plant usually prefers well-draining soil without feeding any fertilizer. Keep it under direct sunlight or partial shade or even full shade and ample moisture to ensure its best growth.
It can grow in any type of soil and pH level. During the winter season, the plant doesn’t require any care.
There’s no specific plant that can singlehandedly attract the dragonflies to your home garden, however, the more of these plants you grow the odds of dragonflies increases.